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AOL: America Online - One of the world's largest internet service providers (ISP).

Backbone: The top level in a hierarchical network.

Bandwidth: A measurement of the volume of information that can be transmitted over a network at a given time. Think of a network as a pipe - the higher the bandwidth (the larger the diameter of the pipe), the more data can pass over the network (through the pipe).

ccTLDs: Country-code TLDs - Domain name suffixes linked to specific nations comprised of two letters such as .br for Brazil.

Co-location: The practice of housing a server in a location which does not belong to the servers owner.

Connectivity: The ability of a computer to link with other programs and devices.

Cyberspace: The place where you are when you are online, out on in the World Wide Web.

Digital Subscriber Line: DSL - A means of accessing the Internet at very high speed using standard phone lines.

Disk Space: Disk Storage - The space on the web hosting company's servers/computers that your web site's content is allowed to utilize.

DNS: On the Internet, computers have an IP address which is a purely numerical address (e.g. 216.71.173.244). These addresses are not easy for people to remember and are not descriptive of the website. The Domain Name System was set up which converts meaningful domain names into numerical addresses. As the number of websites increases the current 12 digit IP addresses are running out. ISPs have a pool of IP addresses which are dynamically allocated to users each time the connect and then returned to the pool when then disconnect.

Domain: There are Top Level Domains such as .com, .net, or .org, and then there are midlevel domains such as GTE (gte.com gte.net or gte.org). Domain is a generic term to describe any of these levels and is most often used to refer to the mid level domain (gte.com).

Domain Name: Allows you to reference Internet sites without knowing the true numerical address.

Domain Name System: DNS - On the Internet, computers have an IP address which is a purely numerical address (e.g. 216.71.173.244). These addresses are not easy for people to remember and are not descriptive of the website. The Domain Name System was set up which converts meaningful domain names into numerical addresses. As the number of websites increases the current 12 digit IP addresses are running out. ISPs have a pool of IP addresses which are dynamically allocated to users each time the connect and then returned to the pool when then disconnect.

DSL: A means of accessing the Internet at very high speed using standard phone lines.

Dynamic IP Address: An IP address that changes each time you connect to the Internet.

Ethernet: A communication standard for networks which allows digital information to be sent at either 10 million bits per second or 100 million bits per second.

Extranet: A larger form of intranet which allows not just people within a company, but also selected outsides to access it.

Gateway Domain Name: A domain name whose purpose is to direct traffic to a main site. The Gateway domain often will have major keywords in the domain name to catch surfers searching for a related subject.

Home Page: The entry page to a web site, also known as index page.

Hosting: The service provided when an internet provider acts as the host of a internet service such as web sites, e-mail, Telnet, and FTP.

Hosting Provider: A company which provides web space to individuals and businesses.

HTTP: Hypertext Transport Protocol - The communication protocol used by web browsers and web servers to transfer html and other files.

IANA: The central registry for various Internet protocol parameters, such as port, protocol and enterprise numbers, and options, codes and types.

IAP: Internet Access Provider - A service company for internet dial-up service. Also known as Internet Service Provider (ISP).

ICAAN: Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers - The non-profit corporation that was formed to assume responsibility for the IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management, and root server system management functions previously performed under U.S. Government contract by IANA and other entities.

Internet: A place for holding information, personal WebPages, and online jobs.

Internet Assigned Numbers Auth: IANA - The central registry for various Internet protocol parameters, such as port, protocol and enterprise numbers, and options, codes and types.

InterNIC: The project name given when domain name registration services in com, net, org, and edu began, it is now completed and other companies are licensed to offer domain registration.

Intranet: A private network inside a company or organization, which uses software like that used on the Internet, only just for internal use. An Intranet is not accessible to the public. Companies use Intranets to manage projects, provide employee information, distribute data and information, etc.

IP Address: Whenever you connect to the Internet, you are giving a unique 4 number Internet Protocol Address (IP Address). Your IP address is how data from your computer to a website is how data finds its way back and forth.

ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network - A system of all digital, high bandwidth telephone lines allowing for the simultaneous delivery of audio, video and data. Data travels at 128K bps.

ISP: Internet Service Provider - An organization providing Internet access via dial-up connections.

JFYI: just for your information

LAN: Local Area Network - A data network intended to serve an area of only a few square miles or less. Since a LAN only covers a small area, optimizations can be made in the network signal protocols that permit data rates up to 100Mb/s.

Linux: An open source version of the Unix operating system.

Mirror Site: A duplicate copy of a web site at a separate URL. It allows web sites to spread out the resource load on a server.

Network Operations Center: A location from which the operation of a network or internet is monitored, and operated customer service for connectivity issues.

NIC Handle: A unique identifier comprised of numbers assigned to each domain name record, contact record, and network record. It can be up to10 alpha-numeric characters.

NNTP: The protocol used by newsgroup servers.

NOC: Network Operations Center - A location from which the operation of a network or internet is monitored, and operated customer service for connectivity issues.

OC-3: An OC-3 is a high bandwidth circuit which transmits 155,000,000 bits per second. It is the size of the largest Internet backbone providers networks.

PING: Packet InterNet Groper - A program for determining if another computer is presently connected to the Internet.

Portal: A popular, highly-frequented Web page. Originally entry pages to the WWW and are intended to aid in navigating the internet.

Posting: A message or listing in on Usenet, a newsgroup, bulletin board, or mailing list.

PPP: Point to Point Protocol - A way to connect to the Internet using a modem and telephone line.

Primary Server: The designation of primary indicates that this domain name server is to be used first and will be relied upon before any of the other name servers.

Proxy: A means of secure access to the Internet which prevents unauthorized access, normal only on large networks.

Remote Login: Operating on a remote computer, using a protocol over a computer network, as though local.

Secondary Server: The name server will be used as a backup for the primary name server in the event that the primary server becomes disabled, down or unavailable.

Server: A computer, which is designed to generate information for, connected users. A server delivers web pages to users. A server can also be called a host or node.

T1: A 1500kbps (1.5 million bits per second) data connection. Generally a US standard rather then a European standard.

T3: A term for a digital carrier facility used to transmit a DS-3 formatted digital signal at 44.746 megabits per second.

TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol - A protocol that is the foundation of the Internet, an agreed upon set of rules directing computers on how to exchange information with each other. Internet protocols, such as FTP, Gopher and HTTP sit on top of TCP/IP.

Third Level Domain: The next highest level of the hierarchy underneath second level domains. In a domain name, the portion of the domain name that appears two segments to the left of the top-level domain, (ex. the nyc in nyc.ny.us).

TLD: Third Level Domain - The next highest level of the hierarchy underneath second level domains. In a domain name, the portion of the domain name that appears two segments to the left of the top-level domain, (ex. the nyc in nyc.ny.us).

Top-level Domain: The highest level of the hierarchy after the root. The portion of the domain name that appears to the far right after the .com (ex. the NewTechUnlimited in Newtechunlimited.com).

Unique Visitor: A single individual website visitor. Visitors (or users) can visit multiple pages within a site. Unique users are important because it is an indication of success of a website. If you have high visitor counts, but relatively low page per user counts, that indicates that people are not finding your site attractive enough to set and read through it.

Up-time: The amount of time that a web site is live, functional, or active and without problems loading pages, graphics, etc. A 99.9% up-time means that there is a .1% chance that the site will go down if something happens to the server that the site is sitting on or something happens to the connection along the way, this is the normal and expected average.

URL: Uniform Resource Locator - The method by which Internet sites are addressed. An example would be "http://www.northshoresolutions.net, the address of this home page.

W3: World Wide Web - A hypertext-based, distributed information system created by researchers at CERN in Switzerland. Users may create, edit or browse hypertext documents.

Web Control Panel: It allows control of web site functions (i.e. email alias setup, auto responders, creating new email accounts, viewing your disk space usage, and more). You sign into a Web Control Panels with a user ID and password.

Web Server: A computer that services web sites.

whois: An Internet program which allows users to query a database of people and other Internet entities, such as domains, networks, and hosts. The information for people shows a person's company name, address, phone number and email address.

World Wide Web: A hypertext-based, distributed information system created by researchers at CERN in Switzerland. Users may create, edit or browse hypertext documents.

WWW: World Wide Web - A hypertext-based, distributed information system created by researchers at CERN in Switzerland. Users may create, edit or browse hypertext documents.

 

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