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Computer Acronym Dictionary

 

A AGP
 
Accerated Graphics Port - Provides the video controller card with a dedicated path to the CPU. Found on all newer computers.
  ANSI
 
Americam National Standards Institute - one of several organizations that develops standards for the information technology indusstry.
  ASCII
 
American Standard Code for Information Interchange - specifies a seven-bit pattern used for communications between computers and peripherals.
  AT
 
Advanced Technology - IBM's name for it's 80286 PC, which it introduced in 1984.
  ATA
 
Advanced Technology Attachment - the ANSI standard for IDE drives.
  ATAPI
 
ATA Packet Interface - The ANSI standard for EIDE drives.
  ATX
 
Advanced Technology Extensions - A system board form factor that incorporates an accerlerated graphics port. It is designed for the Pentium II and mounted vertically.
B BIOS
 
Basic Input Output System - A set of detailed instructions for PC statrtup that usually are stored in ROM on the system board.
C CD
 
Compact Disc - A plastic disk measuring 4.75 inches in diameter that is capable of storing a large amount of digital information.
  CGA
 
Color Graphics Adapter - An IBM video standard that provides low resolution text and graphics.
  CMOS
 
Complimentary Metal Oxide Semiconductor -
  CPU
 
Central Processing Unit - The main chip where instructions are executed.
D DDE
 
Dynamic Data Exchange -
  DIMM
 
Dual Inline Memory Module -
  DIP
 
Dual Inline Package -
  DMA
 
Direct Memory Access -
  DOS
 
Disk Operating System -
  DoS
 
Denial of Service -
  DRAM
 
Dynamic RAM -
  DVD
 
Digital Video Disc -
E ECC
 
Error Correction Code -
  EDO (RAM)
 
Extended Data Output (RAM) -
  EGA
 
Enhanced Graphics Adapter -
  EIDE
 
Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics -
  EISA
 
Extended Industry Standard Architecture -
  EMI
 
Electromagnetic Interference -
  ESD
 
Electrostatic Discharge -
F FAT
 
File Allocation Table -
G GUI
 
Graphic User Interface -
H HTML
 
Hypertext Markup Language -
I IDE
 
Integrated Drive Electronics -
  IEEE
 
Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers -
  IRQ
 
Interrupt Request -
  ISA
 
IIndustry Standard Architecture -
L LED
 
Light-emitting Diode -
  LPX
 
Low Profile Extensions -
M MMX
 
Multimedia Extensions -
N NIC
 
Network Interface Card -
  NTFS
 
New Technology File System -
O OS/2
 
Operating System 2, second generation -
P PC
 
Personal Computer -
  PCI
 
Peripheral Component Interconnect -
  PCMCIA
 
Personal Computer Memory Card Industry Association -
  PnP
 
Plug 'n' Play -
  POST
 
Power on self-test -
R RAM
 
Random Access Memory -
  ROM
 
Read-only Memory -
S SCSI
 
Small Computer System Interface -
  SIMM
 
Single Inline Memory Module -
  SRAM
 
Static RAM -
U UART
 
Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter -
  UPS
 
Uninterruptible Power Supply -
  USB
 
Universal Serial Bus -
V VFAT
 
Virtual File Allocation Table -
  VGA
 
Video Graphics Array -
  VRAM
 
Video RAM -
  VxD
 
Virtual Device Driver -
W WYSIWYG
 
What You See Is What You Get -
Z ZIF
 
Zero-insertion Force -

 

 

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